Main exchanges with Xiangyang
In 2010, Xiangyang established friendly exchanges and ties with Kostroma Oblast, Russia. In March 2001, in order to promote further development of bilateral ties, governments of the two cities achieved reciprocal visits, carried out extensive exchanges and collaborations in fields such as economy and trade, education, agriculture and health, held discussions and reached a consensus on the development of friendly bilateral ties and other issues, and signed a letter of intent to establish friendly cooperation. With the approval of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (CPAFFC), the then Mayor Luo Hui of Xiangyang City and the then Governor Shershunov of Kostroma Oblast formally entered a sister city agreement on November 1, 2001 in Xiangyang City.
In 2001, Xiangyang sent the first batch of students, totaling 31 and including 17 fresh high school graduates and 14 college students, to Kostroma State Technologica University for exchanges and study; the second batch of students, totaling 65 and including 34 fresh high school graduates, was sent to study in Kostroma State Technological University.
In 2002, Xiangyang New Fixed Star Piston Ring Co., Ltd. entered into friendly cooperation with Kostroma Oblast Motors Corp., the largest manufacturer of accessories in Russia, with the quantity and value of the first supply reaching 20,000 sets and US$22,000. Over a decade of cooperation, senior management of the two companies has often paid reciprocal visits, with annual sales developing from US$20,000 up at the very beginning to US$4 million. The two have been maintaining good trade relations to this day.
In 2003, Ms. Bi Xiaoyun from Xiangyang College went to Kostroma State University and taught Chinese there for one year.
In March 2013, a goodwill mission from Xiangyang received warm reception of Mr. Han Cunli, the then Chairman of Russia-China Council for Promotion of Peaceful Reunification and Federation of Chinese in Moscow. On October 8, 2013, a three-member delegation led by Mr. Han Cunli was entrusted by Kostroma Oblast to visit Xiangyang for the purpose of promoting sister city ties, strengthening non-governmental exchange and interaction and carrying out economic and trade cooperation.
On May 24 through 26, 2015, Mr. TITUNIN, President of Kostroma State Technological University, and his delegation paid a visit to Xiangyang City. During their stay in Xiangyang, they had discussions on issues such as exchange of teachers and students and cultivation of students studying abroad and reached an intent of cooperation in hospitality and tourism management with Xiangyang Technician College, and also reached an intent of cooperation in three majors such as mechanical manufacturing, automation and information engineering with Xiangyang Auto Vocational Technical College.
Introduction to Kostroma Oblast
Kostroma Oblast covers an area of about 60,000 square kilometers and has a population of about 740,000. There are eight cities directly under blast’s jurisdiction, four cities under the jurisdiction of districts and 24 districts. Capital Kostroma is 372km away from Capital Moscow of Russia. Kostroma Oblast boasts a superior geographical location and convenient transportation.
Kostroma Oblast, as one of the central economic zones, has main industrial sectors such as textile (flax and others), wood processing, mechanical manufacturing (including excavators, lathes, spinning, chemical, food, wood processing and equipment manufacturing) and food processing. Besides, there are local power stations in Kostroma Oblast.
Kostroma Oblast possesses a forest coverage rate of 74.1% and developed wood industry and wood processing industries. Industry plays a key role in the economy of Kostroma Oblast, accounting for 29.6% of the gross output in the oblast. With respect to agriculture, animal husbandry production plays a major role and planting and flax processing are traditional sectors, accounting for 19.7% of the gross output, followed by commerce and catering (10.7%), building (5.3%) and transportation (5.2%). In the industry, electric energy occupies the largest proportion, reaching 29.9%, followed by wood, wood processing, paper pulp, mechanical manufacturing, metallurgy, food, light industry and jewelry. Electricity production accounts for 1.6% of the total throughout Russia, plywood production ranks the second in Russia and excavator production accounts ranks the ninth.
Kostroma Oblast is endowed with abundant reserves of grit (176 million cubic meters), clay and limestone. Soligalichsky District owns a lot of high-quality raw cement reserves and abundant raw materials for production of ceramic tiles. Clay and sandy clay reserves total 35.8 million cubic meters, suitable for production of 150-75# bricks and 100# hollow bricks, which remain undeveloped. Discovered groundwater resources reach 220,000 cubic meters. In addition, Kostroma Oblast possesses resources such as petroleum, diamond, titanium, zirconium, phosphorus, turf and peat and.
Abundant natural resources, favorable economic climate, developed infrastructure and high-quality human resources enable Kostroma Oblast to be an area with great potential of investment and development.
Kostroma, Capital of Kostroma Oblast, is the administrative, cultural and industrial center. In the late 17th century, Kostroma had already become the third largest city in Russia, second only to Moscow and Yaroslavl, and was an important cultural and trade center. It is 330km away from the northeast of Moscow and stretches on both sides of Volga River, which covers an area of 144.5 square meters and has a population of 280,000. Kostroma, as one of the ancient cities of Russia and founded in 1152, was the base of the Romanov Dynasty. Today, Kostroma is a developing industrial city and has modern industries such as energy, metallurgy, mechanical manufacturing, electronics, instrument, wood processing and light industry.
There are higher education institutions in Kostroma, such as Kostroma State Technological University, Kostroma State Agricultural University, Kostroma Normal University and Kostroma Higher Chemical Defense Command College.
Signing ceremony for the establishment of sister city ties between Xiangyang and Kostroma Oblast in November 2001
Left: the then Governor Shershunov of Kostroma Oblast; Right: the then Mayor Luo Hui of Xiangyang City
In May 2015, President Andrei and Vice President Victor of Kostroma State Technological University visited Xiangyang Auto Vocational Technical College, accompanied by Foreign and Overseas Chinese Affairs Bureau of Xiangyang Municipality